We report for the first time the isolation of 2-furyl(phenyl)methanol (5) from the chloroform extracts of the Atractylis gummifera roots. A. gummifera is a thistle belonging to the Asteraceae family that produces the ent-kaurane diterpenoid glycoside atractyloside (ATR). ATR (1) was isolated and chemically modified to obtain its aglycone atractyligenin (2) and the methylated derivatives ATR-OMe (3) and genine-OMe (4). The compounds 1–5 were structurally characterised and evaluated against the intracellular amastigote, cultured within macrophages, and the extracellular promastigote of Leishmania donovani, the protozoan parasite responsible for the highly infective disease visceral leishmaniasis, which is fatal if untreated. The 2-furyl(phenyl)methanol 5 exhibited notable activity against the promastigote.
- Antileishmanial agents
- Ent-kaurane diterpenoids
- Structural characterisation
- Leishmania donovani
- Luciferase assay
- Phenyl-furan chemical scaffold
Deiva, S., Ferguson, L., Rateb, M. E., Williams, R., & Brucoli, F. (2020). 2-furyl(phenyl)methanol isolated from Atractilis gummifera rhizome exhibits anti-leishmanial activity. Fitoterapia, 140, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2019.104420