If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile


I completed my PhD investigating Spatial Attention in Task Switching with eye-tracking and EEG under the supervision of Aureliu Lavric and Stephen Monsell in 2014.

I then went on to complete a post doctoral research fellowship under the supervision on Frederick Verbruggen working on an ERC funded project investigating transfer, instructed learning and abstract representation.

My Bachelor's degree is in Cognitive Science, and I also hold a Masters Degree in Psychological Research Methods.

Before returning to the study of Psychology in 2008, I was working as a secondary school teacher specialising in ICT.

Area of academic expertise - outline

My expertise is broadly in the areas of cognitive control (attention control, task-set control) and learning (associative learning, instructed learning, category learning, transfer), though I am also familiar with some of the literature on categorization, sense of agency, testing effects, and the broader area of cognition.

I am a strong advocate of open science and try, where possible, to share all raw data files, experiment scripts and data analysis scripts.

I have expertise in eye-tracking, EEG and behavioural experiment design/analysis.

I am familiar with several data collection and analysis software packages, but I currenlty favour PsychoPy and R respectively.

Current research activities

Currently, I am particularly interested in research investigating learning, transfer, instrucions, and abstract representation. That is, what kinds of skills/knowledge/representations are likely to spontaneously transfer beyond the learning context, and how instructions can influence what is learned and/or the likelihood of transfer taking place.

My recent research has tended to use behavioural methods, though I am interested in using eye-tracking and/or EEG again if they are the appropriate tools to answer the research question.

Desired research direction

I am keen to start applying my theoretical lab-based experimental psychology on learning to the classroom.

I am a passionate educator with experience at secondary as well as tertiary education. My current research has provided me with a solid theoretical basis for how to encourage transfer of learning in students and I would like to further develop these ideas in the classroom. I am also interested in developing my knowledge in most areas of psychology that include an educational/learning aspect (e.g., testing effects, implementation intentions, behaviour change, etc.).

As an experienced teacher, I am also sensitive to the pressures placed on teachers and hope to relieve some of that burden by streamlining the way teaching can be delivered. My theoretical research on learning, transfer and instructions is an important step toward that goal. I hope that my interest in other education-facing areas of psychology will also contribute to my knowledge in this area.

Target collaborative organisations

1. Local schools

2. Local Education Authorities

3. Higher Education Academy


  • BF Psychology
  • Learning
  • Transfer
  • Instructions
  • Education

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Cai Longman is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Costs and Cost Analysis Medicine & Life Sciences
Cues Medicine & Life Sciences
Learning Medicine & Life Sciences
stimulus Social Sciences
costs Social Sciences
Reaction Time Medicine & Life Sciences
performance Social Sciences
learning Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2013 2019

40 Downloads (Pure)

How does the (re)presentation of instructions influence their implementation?

Longman, C. S., Liefooghe, B. & Verbruggen, F., 18 Apr 2019, In : Journal of Cognition. 2, 1, 10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
action plan
Costs and Cost Analysis
2 Downloads (Pure)

Transfer of learned category-response associations is modulated by instruction

Longman, C. S., Milton, F., Wills, A. J. & Verbruggen, F., 25 Apr 2017, In : Acta Psychologica. 184, p. 144-167 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Transfer (Psychology)

The coupling between spatial attention and other components of task-set: a task switching investigation

Longman, C., Lavric, A. & Monsell, S., 2016, In : The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69, 11, p. 2248-2275

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Costs and Cost Analysis